A newly published article in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine raises ethical questions and challenges for organ donation in cases where a patient has elected Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID), also known as voluntary euthanasia.
Written by Dr. Ian Ball and Robert Sibbald from Western University’s Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry and collaborator Dr. Robert Truog from Harvard Medical School, the commentary addresses what implications the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision to decriminalize MAID has for organ donation.
“As voluntary euthanasia becomes an accepted option for dying patients in Canada, some people choosing this practice will want to donate their organs,” the authors write in the commentary. “Because voluntary euthanasia creates organ-donation opportunities that differ from existing pathways, it may be necessary to develop new protocols specific to these patients.”
The authors raise important points for consideration including whether objecting physicians should be permitted to opt-out of participating in the transplantation of donated organs from patients who elected MAID, and whether recipients of the organs should also be informed about the source of the organs.
The authors also suggest that there should be separate clinical protocols in place for donors who choose Medical Assistance in Dying in order to allow their organs to be preserved in the best possible way for donation.
“Some patients want to elect physician-assisted death and they also want to donate organs in the best possible condition. This raises the question of how protocols might change to allow both of these things to happen simultaneously,” said Dr. Ball.
Dr. Ball is available to the media for commentary on this issue.
Commentary reflects the perspective and scholarly interest of Western faculty members and is not an articulation of official university policy on issues being addressed.
MEDIA CONTACT: Crystal Mackay, Media Relations Officer, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, t. 519.661.2111 ext. 80387, c. 519.933.5944, email@example.com @CrystalMackay
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ABOUT THE SCHULICH SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & DENTISTRY
The Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University is one of Canada’s preeminent medical and dental schools. Established in 1881, it was one of the founding schools of Western University and is known for being the birthplace of family medicine in Canada. For more than 130 years, the School has demonstrated a commitment to academic excellence and a passion for scientific discovery.